ALCAR, an abbreviation for acetyl L-carnitine, is a naturally occurring amino acid in the body that produces energy. This amino acid may also be administered to help treat a variety of ailments, many of them brain-related conditions. For instance, Alzheimer’s patients may be prescribed this medication to improve their ability to remember. Similar results are seen when those with alcohol or age-related memory problems are given this medication.

Acetyl L-carnitine can also treat age-related low testosterone, or male menopause, alleviating the depression, fatigue, and sexual dysfunction associated with this condition. Furthermore, it is used for diabetic neuropathy to relieve pain, stroke to improve cognition, Peyronie’s disease to reduce pain and slow disease progression better than tamoxifen, and male infertility (caused by inflammation) to improve sperm count and motility.

Acetyl L-carnitine may also be used for the following conditions, although, according to research, there is less conclusive evidence for its effectiveness. These conditions include: Down’s syndrome, age-related depression, cognition problems related to Lyme Disease and muscle weakness from HIV medication.

Various oral dosage levels of acetyl L-carnitine have been studied in research. For Alzheimer’s patients, the 1500-4000 mg per day taken 2-3 times per day was given. When used to treat depression in older patients, 1500-3000 mg was administered. For male infertility, 2 grams of L-carnitine and 1 gram of acetyl L-carnitine were given.

Patients should take the medication with water. Generally it is also good to take medications after eating some food.

Like other medications, care should be taken when using acetyl L-carnitine. Side effects of taking this medication, or supplement (as it can be purchased over the counter), is stomach upset, nausea, and vomiting. Those with a history of seizures should avoid the medication as it may increase their frequency. Those with an underactive thyroid should avoid it as well. Additionally, the blood thinning agents warfarin (coumadin) and acenocoumarol (sintrom) should be not used with acetyl L-carnitine as it can reduce blood clotting even more.

Acetyl L-carnitine (ALCAR) are only unofficial synonyms for this medication/supplement. However, the IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) name is 3-Acetyloxy-4-trimethylammonio-butanoate.

creatinehclAthletic aids like creatine have been used to help increase performance. Creatine has been becoming increasingly popular as a performance enhancing supplement. There is evidence that creatine does increase performance in short intervals. The increase in repetition performance is increased by 5 to 15 percent.

Creatine is one of the most popular supplements used to help increase performance. It is believed that creatine increases the mass of muscles and helps to increase bursts of strength. Creatine is actually a natural substance that turns into phosphate in the body. The phosphate then helps make a substance known as adenosine triphosphate. Adenosine triphosphate then provides energy to the muscles. The body will produce some of the creatine that it needs to use naturally. Creatine is also in high protein rich foods like fish.

Creatine is thought to help increase strength as well as help the muscles heal faster during exercise. It is important to increase the amount of water intake when taking creatine to make sure dehydration doesn’t happen. Creatine is thought to supply energy to cells all over the body but it seems to help muscles cells the most. Approximately, 90 percent of the creatine stored in the body is found in the skeletal muscles. Creatine is transported through the blood by an active transport system. It is then used by the muscles that have higher energy demands like the brain or skeletal muscles.

Creatine shouldn’t be taken with other prescriptions because it can increase the risk of kidney damage. It is suggested to speak with a physician before taking medications with creatine so that drug interactions can be monitored. Several studies suggest that creatine is safe and most studies suggest that they have not found significant side effects. People that have kidney disease, liver damage, or high blood pressure should not take creatine as a dietary supplement. Other studies suggest that muscle cramps, increase in weight, dizziness, upset stomach, liver damage, and kidney damage are side effects of taking creatine. Speak to a heath care professional to find out if creatine is a good fit for you.

kratomKratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a tree found in Southeast Asia, including the countries Thailand, Malyasia, and Myanmar (Burma). It is a relative of the coffee tree, as both are in the family Rubiaceae. Various herbal medicines have been made from its leaves. Small doses of kratom act as a stimulant, while large doses have a sedative effect. Kratom has also been used as a pain killer, diarrhea medicine, recreational drug and a treatment for opiate addiction.
People in Thailand often simply chew the fresh leaves, usually after removing the stringy central vein. Dried leaves are tough to chew, so most people grind them into a powder or tear them into small bits. The results are then added to apple sauce or fruit juice. That masks the taste and makes it easy to swallow.

Some people smoke kratom, but this method probably only works for users wanting the stimulant effect. It takes two to six grams of kratom to produce the stimulant effects. At seven to 15 grams, the effects vary depending on the strength of the kratom and/or the sensitivity of the person. In other words, this dosage would stimulate some people and sedate others. At 16 to 25 grams, kratom’s effects are consistently sedative. As large doses of kratom can cause sleepiness and vomiting, taking more than 25 grams is not recommended.

Kratom leaves, whether fresh or dried can be boiled and then made into a paste-like extract that can be stored. People can then either make the extract into pellets that can be swallowed or made into a tea.People in the West who use kratom prefer to make it into a tea, which can be made from the extract or from crushed and dried leaves. To make tea from dried leaves, the user boils 50 grams of dried leaves in one liter (slightly more than a quart) of water. They then strain the leaves, squeezing out as much liquid as possible, and then boil another liter using the same leaves. The two batches of tea are then added together and boiled down to the desired concentration. The more concentrated the tea is, the stronger it is. Very concentrated tea can become syrupy.

Kratom tea is very bitter. Most drinkers use sugar or honey to sweeten it. It can also be mixed with another, more palatable tea. Some people will drink the kratom tea as is and then follow it up with a chaser of fruit juice. Kratom tea can also be mixed with alcohol to extend its shelf life. Plain kratom tea keeps for about five days, while kratom tea mixed with rum, vodka, or some other type of alcohol will keep for months.